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Community Directory - Shtetls

Shtetls

The town of Dubossary started as a Russian military settlement in 1792 and nowadays has the population of 25,000. It is 42 kms from Kishinev.
Before 1941 Jews constituted 80% of the population. During World War II, Dubossary witnessed mass execution of its Jewish population and of the Jews from the neighboring villages. There was a memorial erected at the massacre site.
Dubossary Jewish community comprises about 200 people now, living in the town and surrounding villages.

The town of Soroky with a total population of 35,000 people is situated 174 kms from Kishinev. As well as in Beltsy and other northern towns and settlements of Moldova, Jews were a majority of the population in the 18th and 19th centuries. At present the Soroky Jewish community includes less than 120persons having decreased in the last 10 years by 90%. There remains practically no Soroky periphery, with the exception in Baticheny village where welfare assistance is provided to one person.

The town of Orgeev has a population of 33,000 people and is situated 46 kms from Kishinev. The Jewish cemetery in Orgeev is one of the most ancient in the region. The eldest identified monuments refer yet to 16th century. The Jewish community of the town, together with 5 smaller settlements, numbers about 100 people.

Historically, Jews on the territory of Moldova have shared all major experience of European Jewry. For the last 400 years traditional Yiddishkeit – the culture of Ashkenazim - developed here. The Pale of Settlement in the Tsarist Russian Empire, the majority of the population living in small rural settlements - shtetls, the Yiddish language prevailing usage in everyday life became its characteristic features. Now one may count over 120 former shtetls in the country where old Jewish homes and whole streets, former synagogues and cemeteries survived.

 

 

Shtetls

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